Muslim Women make up just over half of the Canadian women population, yet continue to be underrepresented in political and professional leadership positions.
When more Muslim women ascend to leadership roles, they become role models to girls and to other women. More Muslim women leaders will also influence the high-level decision-making that will pave the way toward gender equality.
Why is it urgent to support women in leadership?
- Although Canada’s federal cabinet is now evenly split between men and women, only 27% of the seats in the House of Commons belong to women. (https://www.ourcommons.ca/Parliamentarians/en/members)
- Women comprise 19.5% of the board members for Canada’s top 500 companies. (http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/canada-falling-behind-on-women-on-corporate-boards-1.1313277)
- Just 8.5% of the highest-paid positions in Canada’s top 100 listed companies are held by women. (http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/women-now-hold-8-5-of-canada-s-top-jobs-1.3001744)
Frequently asked questions about Muslim Women and Leadership in Canada
Women hold only 25% of vice-president positions, and 15% of CEO positions. (https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/gender-equality-mckinsey-1.4169287)
Women tend to work in industries that reflect traditional gender roles, specifically healthcare and social assistance, educational services, accommodation and food services. (Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report. “Women and Paid Work,” 2017. Statistics Canada. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-503-x/2015001/article/14694-eng.htm) Even in female-dominated industries, women tend to occupy lower-level jobs. In the food-services industry, for example, nearly 60% of chefs were men while 71% of servers were women in 2015. (Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report. “Women and Paid Work,” 2017. Statistics Canada. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-503-x/2015001/article/14694-eng.htm)
Out of the top 500 companies and organizations in Canada, 109 do not have any women on their board of directors. (Annual Report Card, 2015. Canadian Board Diversity Council. Page 2.)
This number remains low despite the fact that provinces and territories (with the exception of BC, Alberta, Prince Edward Island, and Yukon) have agreed to follow a protocol that requires companies to report what steps they are taking to increase female representation on boards and in senior management. (https://globalnews.ca/news/3031051/gender-quotas-canada-who-else-has-them-does-we-need-them/)
Women are also underrepresented in the Canadian Government.
- Women currently make up 27% of the House of Commons, which is the highest percentage in Canada’s history. However, that number should be at least 50% to be considered a true representation of our population. (http://www.ourcommons.ca/Parliamentarians/en/members)
- A 2017 global ranking of gender equality in National Parliaments placed Canada at #63, falling behind Rwanda, Mexico, Afghanistan, and South Sudan. (http://archive.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm)
- As of 2015, 35% of Canadian women had a university certificate or degree, compared to 30% of men. (Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report. Women and Education: Qualifications, Skills and Technology, 2016. Chart 1. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-503-x/2015001/article/14640-eng.htm)
- Women and men also tend to have nearly equivalent job tenure. In a national study, both women and men report having worked for their current employer for an average of just under eight years. (Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report. “Women and Paid Work,” 2017. Table 6. Statistics Canada. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-503-x/2015001/article/14694-eng.htm)
Research suggests that other factors, including gender stereotypes and biases, may be at play.
- Despite spending equivalent time at a job, women are significantly less likely than men to be promoted. Women are 30% less likely than men to get promoted out of an entry-level position, and 60% less likely to move from middle management into the executive ranks. (https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/gender-equality-mckinsey-1.4169287)
- This may have a negative impact on how women view their own potential to lead. While six out of 10 professional women in the U.S. aspire to be a senior leader in their company or organization, the same number find it hard to see themselves as leaders. (KPMG Women’s Leadership Study, 2017. Page 9.)
Additionally, many women take primary responsibility for home-based labour and childcare. These responsibilities may create work/life conflict and reinforce negative stereotypes, which are both barriers to accessing leadership roles.
- Three quarters (75.8%) of part-time workers in Canada are women. The top reason women gave for working part-time was a need to care for children. Only 3.3% of men who work part-time cite the same reason. (Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report. “Women and Paid Work,” 2017. Table 3. Statistics Canada. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-503-x/2015001/article/14694-eng.htm)
- The high cost of childcare may cause mothers to quit their jobs in order to take care of the children themselves. In Canada, the gender-employment gap is largest in cities where daycare costs are highest. (Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report. “Women and Paid Work,” 2017. Table 1. Statistics Canada. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-503-x/2015001/article/14694-eng.htm)
- Interruptions to women’s careers tend to be longer and more frequent than those experienced by men. Women also report more spontaneous, short-term absences than men, such as staying home to care for a sick child or deal with a home repair. (Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report. “Women and Paid Work,” 2017. Table 4. Statistics Canada. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-503-x/2015001/article/14694-eng.htm)
- Both short- and long-term absences are stigmatized in the workplace, and have been linked to fewer promotions and salary increases. (Women in Canada: A gender-based statistical report. “Women and Paid Work,” 2017. Table 4. Statistics Canada. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-503-x/2015001/article/14694-eng.htm)
A KPMG study on women’s leadership found that:
- 67% of women reported they had learned the most important lessons about leadership from other women.
- 82% of professional working women believe access to and networking with female leaders will help them advance in their career.
- 86% of women report that when they see more women in leadership, they are encouraged they can get there themselves.
- 91% of working women indicated that it is important to them to be a positive role model for younger female colleagues in the workplace. (KPMG Women’s Leadership Study, 2017. Page 14-15. KPMG.)
High-performing businesses tend to have more women in leadership roles: 37% of leaders in higher-performing companies are women, compared to 19% of leaders in lower-ranked companies. (https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/gender-equality-mckinsey-1.4169287)
Companies with the highest levels of diversity (either gender, ethnic, or racial) are anywhere from 15-35% more likely to have financial returns above their industry’s national average. (https://www.forbes.com/sites/susanadams/2014/08/05/companies-do-better-with-women-leaders-but-women-need-more-confidence-to-lead-study-says/#136e0e2c5ffc)
Traditionally there has been a narrow definition of leadership, which influences who is chosen for these roles, and who aspires to take them on.
The ANNISAA Organization of Canada advocates for inclusive leadership, a style that is:
- Respects non-traditional ways of leading
- Embraces diversity and includes the most marginalized voices
- Shares knowledge and empowers those around them
- Inclusive leadership is about “power with” rather than “power over”
Three in four (76%) women wish they would have learned more about leadership when they were growing up, and that they had more opportunities to learn how to lead when they were growing up. (KPMG Women’s Leadership Study, 2017. Page 11. KPMG.)
Eighty-six percent of women remember being taught to be nice to others growing up, but only 44% remember being taught to be a good leader and only 34% were taught to share their point of view. (KPMG Women’s Leadership Study, 2017. Page 5. KPMG.)
Through the programs we fund, the ANNISAA Organization of Canada promotes leadership skills in the following ways:
The ANNISAA Advancement Centre
The Centre will be designed to ensure that the next generation of Muslim female leaders in Canada has the leadership skills they need to effectively manage change, build the sector, and become a force of change for Muslim women and girls.
Many of the girls’ programs funded by the Organization have a mentorship component, providing younger girls access to mentors, and training older girls to become mentors. We also fund integration, self-empowerment, and economic development programs for Muslim women that provide participants opportunities to become a mentor or work with a mentor.
Muslim Women- and girls-led programs
We invest in community programs that encourage Muslim women and girls to help shape the programs they attend. This helps participants develop leadership skills and become role models in their communities.
Amplifying the voices of Muslim women and girls
We invest in programs that help Muslim women and girls to find their voices, speak their minds, challenge gender stereotypes, and discover and celebrate their strengths.
Muslim Women are often overlooked for leadership roles because they do not fit the mold of an “ideal leader.” That’s why the organization advocates for inclusive leadership, which is collaborative and welcomes the most marginalized voices.
What is the Organization doing to advance Muslim women’s leadership?
Learn More: Into Leadership
Your Monthly Donations can give Muslim women and girls the opportunities to build and practice leadership skills.